Overview
Overview of the Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage
发布日期:2012-11-14 浏览次数: 字号:[ ]

  The history of the Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage (CACH) can date back to the Commission for the Preservation of Cultural Objects of the Old Capital which was founded in 1935. This institution was renamed “Beijing Commission for the Preservation of Cultural Objects” in 1949, the first professional institution on the protection of cultural objects ever established and administered by the Central Government in new China. In 1973, the commission was again renamed “Institute of Science and Technology for the Protection of Cultural Objects.” In 1990, it merged with the Ancient Literature Research Office of the Ministry of Culture of China and became China Institute of Cultural Property. In August 2007, the institute was renamed “Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage.” In June 2012, the Institute was entitled State Administration of Cultural Heritage (SACH) Center for Underwater Cultural Heritage

  CACH is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to cultural property-related research, protection, restoration and training, directly under the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of China (SACH). As China’s one of the most important professional institutions in the field of cultural heritage, it is involved with such diverse disciplines as humanity, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering.

   

   

  

CACH undertakes major responsibilities as follows:

  1. Conduct scientific research related to cultural heritage development strategies, management systems, policies and regulations, academic disciplines and standardization systems;

  2. Organize surveys, excavations and protection and research activities involving underwater cultural heritage nationwide;

  3. Update information and build pre-alarm and monitoring systems pertaining to World Cultural Heritage sites in China and the Tentative List and conduct research activities concerning the protection and management of World Cultural Heritage sites;

  4. Conduct surveying, planning, designing, protection, restoration and supervision work for sites and monuments, in particular, key sites and monuments under state-level protection;

  5. Conduct research activities on states of preservation of and materials used for making and protecting cultural property; design plans for the restoration and protection of museum collections, implement them and evaluate their implementation performances; conduct research on the application of traditional techniques and modern technologies for the protection of cultural property; organize qualification-related training, training on professional technologies, project-specific training and training programs through international cooperation;

  6. Conduct research activities related to unearthed literature, archaeological surveys and standardization for cultural property protection as well as major basic project commissioned by SACH.

  According to incomplete statistics, CACH is the country’s scientific research institution that has organized or participated in the largest number of planning and designing projects for the restoration of key sites and monuments under state-level protection, which range across 28 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government. Among them, there are such important projects as the relocation of Yongle Palace in Shanxi Province, the restoration of Zhaozhou Bridge in Hebei Province, the restoration of Potala Palace in Tibet Autonomous Region, the restoration of Chau Say Tevoda of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, the protection of Dule Temple in Jixian County in Tianjin, the protection of the One-thousand-handed Bodhisattva of Dazu Rock Carvings in Chongqing, the monitoring of the state of the Wood Pagoda of Yingxian County in Shanxi Province, the planning for the protection of the Grand Canal and the salvage of Nan Ao No.1 Ship in Guangdong Province.

 

  

Conservation Plan for the Grand Canal

  CACH has accomplished many important scientific research projects which have been granted with national or ministerial/provincial-level awards. Over years, CACH’s specialists and professionals have published up to 100 professional works and some 1,000 academic articles. In addition, CACH is among the country’s earliest institutions conducting restoration of historic buildings and grotto temples and preservation of unearthed bamboo, wood and lacquer objects, inscribed tomb stones and ancient literature. It is generally recognized as an institution highly qualified for the preservation of large-scale sites, mural paintings and underwater objects and preservation and research of gold-gilded stone objects and colored paintings on historic buildings.

 

  

  Sophia Cathedral in Haerbin Restored by CACH

  CACH has undertaken many projects commissioned by SACH and obtained all types of certificates of qualification in the field of cultural property protection, including those for conducting archaeological excavations, developing technology for the protection of movable cultural property (A-class), restoring movable cultural property (Class-I), surveying and planning for cultural protection projects (A-class) and implementing cultural property protection projects (A-class). Moreover, CACH is also a post-doctoral research station approved by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and an institution qualified for recruiting foreign experts approved by the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs. As a major training base for the protection and restoration of cultural property, CACH has trained a large number of professionals for the country’s cultural heritage and museum sectors.

 

  

 Restoring Ancient Paintings

  Financed by national fiscal funds, CACH boasts state-of-art facilities and equipment, including laboratories totaling 1,600 square meters for the restoration of metal, stone, murals, textile fabrics, paper, ceramics and historic building structures as well as mobile lab vehicles, and 204 sets of research equipment among which there are 18 large ones (more than RMB 500,000 yuan for each), 14 medium-sized ones (more than RMB 200,000 yuan for each) and 172 small ones (less than RMB 200,000 yuan for each). With these laboratories and facilities, CACH is able to conduct physical, chemical and biological experiments needed for the protection of cultural property, monitor environments for the preservation of cultural property, and protect archaeological sites. In addition, it can also conduct teaching and research activities pertaining to the restoration of various types of cultural objects.

  CACH has a large collection of historic literature and Chinese and foreign books and periodicals, including up to 23,000 sets of ancient books totalizing 180,000 volumes, among which quite many are rare and valuable block-printed editions, hand-copied editions and manuscripts. In addition, CACH collects 18,182 old photographs taken since the 19th century which record original states of China’s historic buildings and restoration and protection efforts made on them, some 8,000 drawings of historic buildings, 11,738 sets of bronze and stone rubbings, and 59 models of historic buildings and dougong (interlocking wooden brackets) made in the early 1950s.

 

  

CACH’s Collection of Letters from the Qing Dynasty

  By the end of 2012, CACH had had 144 employed professionals, including 82 with a graduate degree (29 with a Ph.D. degree and 54 with a master degree) and 65 with a senior technical title.

  Over years, CACH has been actively and extensively involved in international exchanges and cooperation and built sound partnership with cultural heritage institutions from Austria, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Switzerland and USA.

 

 

  

CACH Signs MoU with Italy’s Higher Institution for Conservation and Restoration

  In accordance with CACH’s Development Strategy for the Twelfth Five-year Plan, CACH will make significant progress in cultural heritage research, protection of underwater cultural heritage, monitoring of World Cultural Heritage sites, protection and restoration of historic buildings and rock and earthen objects, and restoration technology. By that time, CACH will stand out as a major center for training senior professionals in the restoration of cultural property, and important platform for international cooperation, and a leading institution in the country’s field of cultural property research and protection.

  In terms of organizational structure, CACH’s leading body consists of the President, the Vice President, the Vice President & Chief Engineer, the Chief Restorer and the Assistant President. It is composed of 11 functional and professional departments and institutes. Some institutes also have subsidiary departments. For example, the Institute of Engineering and Planning for the Protection is composed for the Division of Architecture, the Division of Grottoes and Murals, the Division of Planning and Site Interpretation, the Division of World Heritage Affairs, and the Division of Equipment & Mapping and Surveying. In addition, the Secretariat of the National Committee on Standardization Technology for Cultural Property Protection and the Secretariat of ICOMOS/China are also set in CACH.

 

 

   




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