Underwater Cultural Heritage
Angkor Wat Project
Underwater Cultural Heritage
SACH Center for Underwater Cultural Heritage
发布日期:2012-11-15 浏览次数: 字号:[ ]

 1. Overview

  The State Administration of Cultural Heritage Center for Underwater Cultural Heritage was formally established on December 25, 2012. The Center, as the administrative body of the National Conciliation Commission for UCH Conservation, undertakes investigation, excavation, research and protection of national underwater cultural heritage. Organizationally, the Center consists of four branches, including the general secretary office, the department of facilities, the archaeological department of underwater heritage, and the center for underwater cultural heritage restoration.

  Currently, with more than ten professionals, the Center consists of four departments, including General & Research department, Underwater Archaeology department, Equipment & Technical Support department, and the Science and Technology Laboratory of Marine Cultural Relics Protection. It has also established four underwater heritage protection offices in coastal and internal waters regions, namely Ningbo, Qingdao, Wuhan and Fujian.

  2. Institutional and Legal Constructions

  Guided by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, the Center developed the Twelfth Five-year Plan for UCH Conservation, which basically blueprints a scheme for underwater heritage conservation over the next five years. Meanwhile, the Center formulated the Operational Guidelines for Underwater Archaeology, which serves with good operability to further promote the scientization and standardization of underwater heritage conservation and lays a solid foundation for the higher-level development of underwater archaeology in China

  3. Featured Projects

  3.1. Construction of Bases and Worksites

The Center, under the guidance of SACH, is actively participating in the construction of the archaeological base in Nanhai area and the worksite in Xisha region. The former has been approved and in progress of location selection, and the latter has completed a few preliminary projects and will move onto the phase of construction. In addition, the Ningbo base is under construction, expected to be completed by 2014.

  3.2. Construction of Archaeological Research Ship

  Authorized by SACH, the Center is responsible for the design and construction of China’s first underwater heritage conservation research ship. Until now, the project has finished evaluating tenders. It is expected to conduct sea trails in early 2014.

  4. Underwater Cultural Heritage Investigation, Excavation, and Scientific Conservation

  4.1. Shipwreck Nan’ao No. 1

Nan’ao No. 1 was a shipwreck of the Ming Dynasty. It was discovered 28 meters undersea in the city of Shantou, Guangdong Province. The excavation projected, jointly undertaken by Guangdong Archaeological Institute and Guangdong Museum, started in 2009, since which thousands of relics with diversified kinds have been discovered during three phases of excavation. The project was awarded as one of the Top 10 National Archaeological New Discoveries of 2010.

In 2012, the archaeological investigation of Nan’ao No.1 reached some important accomplishments. The general ship structure and information of cultural relics have been mapped out: the shipwreck lay in a north-south orientation; it has 25 rooms, with 2,485 centimeters in length and 750 centimeters maximum in width. The shipwreck’s conservation started to be conducted in situ. In addition, 5,805 pieces of cultural relics, including 1,906 copper coins were excavated.

The project serves as a successful trail of the disciplinary development and practice of underwater archaeology in China; and it raises public awareness of underwater cultural heritage. The project has also mapped out the distribution and structure of the shipwreck, assessed scientific archaeological approaches with the collected samples, and strengthened the anti-theft security system.

  4.2. Shipwrick Nanhai I

  Through preliminary excavations in 2009 and 2011, the basic statistics and information of Shipwreck Nanhai I were collected. In addition, the discovered relics have been desalinized. Until now, the Center, in coordination with Guangdong Archaeological Research Institute, has completed the Conservation Plan for Excavation of Nanhai No. I, whose excavation will be officially launched in 2013.

  4.3. Other Underwater Investigation and Archaeology Projects

  In addition to the aforementioned projects, the Center has also participated in a series of projects, including the excavation of Shipwreck Xiaobaijiao No.1, the archaeological investigation in Danjiangkou Dam areas, Hubei, underwater cultural relics the investigation in Laoye Temple around Boyang Lake areas, Jiangxi, the investigation on deck ruins of Tianjin Sanhuamaodi Shipwreck, as well as underwater heritage investigations in Qingdao (Shandong) and Dandong Dalu Island (Liaoning) water areas.

  4.4. Scientific Conservation for Discovered Cultural Relics

  The Center has developed particular regulations on underwater heritage conservation, namely the Regulations on the On-site Conservation of Marine Ceramics, Metal and Wooden Relics, and the Conservation and Repairing Proposal for Ceramics, Ironware and Wooden Ship.

  5. Scientific Research and Training

  5.1. Research Programs

  Major research programs of the Center include the study and modeling of technical schemes for underwater heritage’s investigation and conservation, document collection and preliminary research on cultural relics unearthed in South China Sea, the research on the influence of China’s ratification of the 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, application and innovation of underwater passive sonar prevention system, safety monitoring of the Shipwreck Banyangjiao (Reef) I, and the scientific innovation of computer-based apparatus for drawing grains of china.

  5.2. Training

  As a solution to the lack of underwater heritage professionals, the Center hosted two training sessions for underwater cultural relics protection. The first course was held from December 2009 to February 2010, and the second session was held in 2012.

  Also, in 2010, the Center organized a training course on nitrox diving; and it hosted the first National Training Course on UCH Conservation (Archaeology) between June and September in 2011. As a result, twenty professionals from different regions of China gained the CMAS 3 license.

  6. International Cooperation and Exchange

  Since 2009, the Center has established cooperative relationships with a variety of countries and regions, including France, Croatia, Italy, Philippines, the Republic of Korea, and China’s Taiwan.

 

 

    

  

  Unearthed Artifact from Nanao

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifact from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifact from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifacts from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifacts from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifacts from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifacts from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Unearthed Artifacts from Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Artifacts in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Artifacts in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work in Nanao No. 1

   

  

  Field Work

   

  

  Working Meeting for Nanhai No.1

   

  

  Field Work for Nanhai No.1

   

  

  Nanhai No.1

   

  

  Training

   

  

  Training

   

  

  Training

   

  

  Training

   

  

  Training

   

  

  SACH Deputy Director-General Tong Mingkang Inspects the Working Site

   

  

  Cooperation with China's Taiwan

   

  

  Cooperation with Croatia

   

  

  CACH President Liu Shuguang Communicates with Professional from Croatia




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